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On August 13, 2018, Health Canada issued a letter to importers, retailers and manufacturers of teething necklaces that are worn by children under three years of age. The letter is intended to provide information on potential enforcement action related to teething necklaces worn by children less than three years of age.
Background of the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA)
The CCPSA entered into force in June 2011. The purpose of the Act is to protect the general public by addressing or preventing dangers to human health or human safety from potentially hazardous consumer products released into commerce. The Act contains specific product prohibitions set out in Schedule 2 of the Act. The Act also contains a General Prohibition set out in Section 7(a) and 8(a) of the Act that prohibits the sale of a consumer product that is deemed a danger to human health or human safety.
General Prohibition on Teething Necklaces Worn by Children Under Three Years of Age
Teething necklaces currently contain no specific regulations. Health Canada has information that teething necklaces worn by a child less than three years of age may represent hazards that include strangulation, choking, and aspiration. Health Canada has therefore determined that teething necklaces intended to be worn by a child that is less than three years of age are potentially a danger to human health or human safety.
Health Canada has concluded that teething necklaces worn by a child that is less than three years of age shall meet the following performance requirements. If they fail to meet the performance requirements they may be deemed a danger to human health or human safety.
|Hazard||Related Performance Criteria|
1. ASTM F2923-14 Standard Specification for Consumer Product Safety for Children’s Jewelry Section 13.1 - Breakaway Tension Test (apply a 22.2 N force instead of the 66.6 N (15 lb) force)
2. ASTM F963-17 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety Section 220.127.116.11 - Cords, Straps, and Elastics Containing a Breakaway Feature
|Choking and Aspiration||3. Toys Regulations (SOR/2011-17) Section 7 - Small parts|
4. The following warning or its equivalent must appear on the product or its packaging in English and French:
WARNING! Strangulation hazard. Adult supervision required at all times. Always remove for sleep.
MISE EN GARDE! Risque d’étranglement. La supervision d’un adulte est requise en tout temps. Toujours retirer pour dormir.
How Does this Impact You? Contact Us to Discuss
Bureau Veritas can help you ensure that your products will meet your customer’s expectations as well as all applicable regulations. We can help you reduce cost and time-to-market, minimize the risk of recalls and returns, increase sales and customer satisfaction, and eliminate previously unidentified threats to your company’s reputation. Our services help protect both your bottom line and your peace of mind.
If you have any questions on this letter to the industry, please contact your customer service representative or email: firstname.lastname@example.org